Indigo: The true indigo used to produce the famous blue dye that for 4000 years was considered the most important dye stuff in the world.
Woad: Cultivated as a source of an excellent blue dye for over 2000 years in Europe replaced by indigo only in the last century. Used by the ancient Celtics to paint their bodies blue.
Amaranth (Hopi Red dye): A beautiful ornamental herb with rich maroon colored leaves and long cascading flower bracts, producing a beautiful red dye.
Bugloss (Alkanet): It is a member of the borage family, producing large numbers of blue to purple flowers. Roots yield a good red dye.
Henna: A mystical herb in the East for centuries. Produces a very strong hair dye. Can be grown in a container for colder climates to bring indoors in winter.
Joe Pye Weed: Huge fluffy mauve colored flower heads are held aloft on sturdy purplish bamboo-like stems of this beautifully colossal plant. Used by Indians to make a pink or red dye.
Ladys' Bedstraw: A close relative of sweet woodruff and a member of the madder family, Lady’s Bedstraw, with clusters of airy yellow flowers, forms a light, fluffy ground cover that can be pruned to be kept low or staked up. An excellent red dye is made from the fresh or dried roots, yellow from the flowers.
Dyers Woodruff: Roots produce a red dye similar to madder. Ornamental with an airy growth habit and tiny white flowers similar to Baby's Breath.
Red to Yellow
Calliopsis: (Coreopsis tinctoria) An annual form of Coreopsis with daisy-like flowers in yellow, maroon, and crimson. Flowerheads produce a yellow to red dye. Great simply grow as a wildflower.
Safflower: The dried flower petals can be used as a substitute for saffron. The oil from the seeds of safflower has been used since the days of the Egyptians and continues to be used today for it’s low cholesterol. The flowers produce a red and yellow dye.
Weld: Traditionally used in Europe to make a bright yellow dye. Six foot tall flower spikes with yellow flowers.
Gypsywort: The fresh juice from the herb produces a strong black dye. Once used by gypsies to darken their skin. As a sedative, it reduces the pulse rate in overactive thyroid conditions and to treat palpitations of the heart.
Meadowsweet: Clusters of creamy-white sweet-scented flowers top very thin, yet stiff stems, making them look like they are suspended in the air. The fern-like foliage makes this a very ornamental herb for the garden. Contains one of the original sources of salicylic acid, synthesized to make aspirin. The roots produce a black dye.
NOTE: Certain U.S. states do not permit the growing of some of these seeds, viewing them as "invasive." Please adhere to the regulations in your area.