Mordants and Additives
Mordants are needed to set the color when using natural dyes. Different mordants will give different results.
Alum: (Aluminum Potassium Sulfate) This is the most widely used mordant. Be careful not to use too much with wool, otherwise you will get a sticky feeling that doesn't come out.
Copper: (Copper Sulfate) This mordant is used to bring out the greens in dyes. It will also darken the dye colors, similar to using tin, but is less harsh.
Citric Acid: Used in natural dyeing to increase acidity of dye baths. Also used in place of Acetic Acid.
Iron: (Ferrous Sulfate) Dulls and darkens dye colors. Using too much will make the fiber brittle.
Glauber's Salts: (Sodium Sulfate) Used in natural dyes to level out the bath. Also use in chemical dye.
Spectralite: (Thiourea Dioxide) This is a reducing agent for indigo dyeing.
Synthrapol: Use before dyeing to uniformly wet-out, without raising suds, improves your dye results significantly.
Tartaric Acid: A must for cochineal. This mordant will expand the cochineal colors.
Washing Soda: (Soda Ash / Sodium Carbonate – hydrous) Used as a fixative for reactive dyes.
If you don't find exactly what you want, or would like a mordant recommendation, please call the shop directly at 800-441-9665 or contact us for assistance.