Not too long ago, one of our guest bloggers shared some tips for choosing your next spinning wheel (click here if you missed it!). We'd like to continue the conversation by discussing the different styles of wheels which you will come across in your search in greater detail on today's blog post, and why you might want to give them a try!
When we discuss spinning wheels with our customers, we begin the conversation by talking about the first level of classification: general appearance. While there are always exceptions to the rule, the basic spinning wheel classifications include Saxony, Castle, Norwegian, Modern, and Spindle.
The most traditional style is the Saxony wheel-
Think of fairy tales such as Sleeping Beauty or Rumplestiltskin, and you know what we're talking about! These wheels are horizontal, with the wheel on one end and the flyer on the other; typically, the frame slopes and is supported by 3 legs. One of the benefits of this style is that the orifice is lower to the ground, making it ideal for those who are shorter in stature and find taller styles of wheels more difficult to work with.
Castle wheels are a popular style, especially amongst those with limited space - in general, these wheels are more compact than other styles. The flyer is positioned above the wheel, and this vertical orientation requires less working space for the user - it also encourages the spinner to sit up straight as they work, so if you have back issues, this might be a more optimal choice.
The Norwegian wheel is a cousin to the Saxony in that it has a horizontal orientation, but it is usually very ornate with a large wheel and a horizontal bench. This style is typically supported by 3-4 legs, and it's a very traditional-looking wheel which is quite beautiful to look at, too!
Then next style of wheels can take on many forms, and are usually hybrids of the traditional types listed above. Folding wheel and electric spinners are all considered to be Modern style wheels, though this term can be applied to any sort of spinning wheel which attempts to take advantage of better engineering: side-to-side treadling, lightweight PVC pipe bodies, and other innovations would certainly fit into this category! These wheels are ideal for folks with limited space or who like to take their spinning with them wherever they go.
Though Electric Spinners do not actually have a wheel, we include them in the Modern category because they are a treadle-less option which is ideal for those who are unable to treadle (or simply wish not to). They are extremely portable and can be set on a table and started manually, and it is important to note that they are not completely automatic since the spinner must determine the size of the yarn and must stop the flyer to change hooks throughout the spinning process in order to fill the bobbin evenly. Due to its potential speed capabilities, they are a great choice for cotton spinning, much like a Charkha, which belongs to our final category of wheel styles covered on this blog post.
Last but not least, Spindle style wheels refer to those which use a spindle to hold the spun yarn rather than a bobbin - they work much like a Great Wheel, and the Indian Charkha is a good example of this style. For those of you looking to spin silk or cotton this Spring, a Charkha is an excellent choice due to the high-speed ratios which make working with short-stapled fibers much easier!
Thanks for joining us on your spinning journey!
All the best,
Chris, Nancy, and the entire Woolery team